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Second Grade Alignment Lesson Plans 


Lesson Title: How the Moon Changes Its Shape?
Created and Submitted by: Celina Elizondo
School Name: Paciano Prada Elementary
District: United ISD
Role: School Librarian


Grade Level: 2nd Grade


Lesson Plan Objectives:
At the end of this lesson, students will be able to:
1. Recognize facts and details.
2. Recognize moon phases by viewing a video.
3. Shade phases of the moon on a calendar.


3 (B): Ask relevant questions, seek clarification and locate facts and details about stories and other texts and support answers with evidence from text.

2.8 D Observe, describe, and record patterns of objects in the sky, including the appearance of the moon


Standards for the 21st-Century Learner Indicators:
1.1.6 Read, view, and listen for information presented in any format (e.g., textual, visual, media, digital) in order to make inferences and gather meaning.
2.1.2 Organize knowledge so that it is useful.
2.3.1 Connect understanding to the real world.


Classroom Teacher – School Librarian(s) Collaboration:

• The school librarian and the classroom teacher create the moon chart to document students’ comprehension of the phases of the moon. Students will observe the moon for a period of time (two weeks) and record their findings.
• The school librarian will read the story to students concentrating on the skill to be taught (facts and details).
• The classroom teacher will show the students the video “Phases of the Moon” in the classroom.
• The librarian and the classroom teacher will make the Oreo cookies activity in the classroom to demonstrate the phases of the moon.
• Teacher will monitor students’ progress on the moon chart observation. When the calendar is done, both educators will evaluate students’ final work.


Measurable Outcome or Final Product: The students will accurately complete the Phases of the Moon Calendar.


Assessment Tool: Phases of the Moon Calendar (.doc) Note: To support student success, reproduce an image of the moon phases on the reverse side of the chart: http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/pictures/space/moonphases.html



• Papa, Please Get the Moon for Me by Eric Carle (Simon & Schuster 1991)
• “The Moon's Phases in Oreos” - http://spaceplace.nasa.gov/oreo-moon/en/
• “Phases of the Moon” Song/Video - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AQRNzepe4wI
• Moon Phases image: http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/pictures/space/moonphases.html

• Phases of the Moon Calendar


Estimated Lesson Time: 45 minutes


Instructional Plan Outline:


• Both educators will get everything ready for the lesson: story book and projector with Web-based video ready to show to the students.
• The classroom teacher will reproduce the Phases of the Moon Calendar.


1. The educators show the YouTube (song) video to students about phases of the moon. Here she will teach how the phases of the moon happen.
• New Moon
• Waxing Crescent
• First Quarter
• Waxing Gibbous
• Full Moon
• Waning Gibbous
• Last Quarter
• Waning Crescent

2. Educators show a short demonstration of the Oreo cookies from the NASA webpage: “The Moon Phases in Oreos” and show a sample of the activity.


3. Librarian and classroom teacher co-read the book Papa, Please Get the Moon for Me, then ask discussion questions:
• Why did Monica want the moon?
• Could Monica get the moon – why?
• What did Papa use to try to get the moon?
• How did Papa reach the moon?
• Could Papa carry the moon to Monica? Why?
• What did the moon say to Papa?
• How did Papa finally get the moon to Monica?
• Was Monica happy? Why?
• What happened to the moon? Why?
• Did the moon disappear forever?


4. Both educators lead a discussion and share some facts about the moon and its phases.
• The moon does not make its own light. It can only reflect light from the sun.
• The moon is 250,000 miles from earth.
• The moon orbits around the earth; this is what causes the phases of the moon.
• You can only get to the moon on a spaceship.


Guided Practice
5. Educators distribute a paper plate to each student and four Oreo cookies to demonstrate the four major phases of the Moon: New Moon, First Quarter, Full Moon, and Third Quarter.
6. Educators monitor students’ understanding.


7. Educators ask students about things in the story (Papa, Get the Moon for Me) that can happen in real life (facts) and things that cannot happen in real life.
8. Educators distribute Phases of the Moon Calendar for students to take home and make their observations shading one circle per day. Students will be instructed to label their calendars with the names of the moon phases.


9. The classroom teacher will review the students’ Phases of the Moon calendars for completeness and accuracy.


10. Ask if student have visited the Johnson Space Center in Houston. If so, what do they have to share?
11. Show a video of the Apollo astronauts walking on the moon? What are the students’ questions? Students can conduct an inquiry into their moon questions.


Lesson Plan Resources


Phases of the Moon Calendar (.doc)


ELAR_2_3_B_Elizond_Lesson_Plan (.pdf)

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