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Standards for the 21st Century Learner


Standard 2. Learners use skills, resources, and tools to draw conclusions, make informed decisions, apply knowledge to new situations, and create new knowledge.



2.1.1 Continue an inquiry-based research process by applying critical-thinking skills (analysis, synthesis, evaluation, organization) to information and knowledge in order to construct new understandings, draw conclusions, and create new knowledge.


2.1.2 Organize knowledge so that it is useful.


2.1.3 Use strategies to draw conclusions from information and apply knowledge to curricular areas, real-world situations, and further investigations.


2.1.4 Use technology and other information tools to analyze and organize information.


2.1.5 Collaborate with others to exchange ideas, develop new understandings, make decisions, and solve problems.


2.1.6 Use the writing process, media and visual literacy, and technology skills to create products that express new understandings.


Dispositions in Action

2.2.1 Demonstrate flexibility in the use of resources by adapting information strategies to each specific resource and by seeking additional resources when clear conclusions cannot be drawn.


2.2.2 Use both divergent and convergent thinking to formulate alternative conclusions and test them against the evidence.


2.2.3 Employ a critical stance in drawing conclusions by demonstrating that the pattern of evidence leads to a decision or conclusion.


2.2.4 Demonstrate personal productivity by completing products to express learning.



2.3.1 Connect understanding to the real world.


2.3.2 Consider diverse and global perspectives in drawing conclusions.


2.3.3 Use valid information and reasoned conclusions to make ethical decisions.


Self-Assessment Strategies

2.4.1 Determine how to act on information (accept, reject, modify).


2.4.2 Reflect on systematic process, and assess for completeness of investigation.


2.4.3 Recognize new knowledge and understanding.


2.4.4 Develop directions for future investigations.






Excerpted from Standards for the 21st-Century Learner by the American Association of School Librarians, a division of the American Library Association, copyright (c) 2007 American Library Association. Complete document available for download at www.ala.org/aasl/standards. Used with permission. (Permission granted 2/10/10).

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